This report contains general information and analysis on the complex link between immigration and trade. It does not follow legislation and is not updated regularly. The EU is linked to North African countries through association agreements concluded under the Euro-Mediterranean partnership (in yellow on the map). As part of this partnership, the EU has largely limited free trade agreements with all countries except Syria and Libya. 84 The EU also discussed with Morocco and Tunisia the possibility of addressing broader issues and negotiating in-depth free trade agreements, including measures to open up services and agriculture markets. Discussions in Tunisia are ongoing, but those with Morocco are on hold (autumn 2019).85 The new theory of trade in the 1980s/90s has broadened neoclassical theory and made increasing economies of scale, Imperfect markets, externalities and the existence of different technologies in different countries are careful.8 For example, if technological differences – not differences in factor equipment – are seen as the basis of trade, trade and migration, this can complement.9 Do increasing exports actually lead to poverty reduction (through wage increases or increasing profits for small producers)? Is there freedom of association or are there other forms of worker participation? Which groups are benefiting from the increase in the olive oil quota? Will the rural poor also receive some of the resulting returns? Will employees and small producers receive a share? Is there freedom of association or are there other forms of worker participation? Correlation related to other factors: growth sectors (investment generates demand for labour, resulting in both migration and the expansion of trade flows). Proponents of these trade agreements argue that they merely reflect current immigration legislation and immigration policy, and that free movement is included in the broader category of ”service provision” and therefore an intrinsic element of any free trade agreement.